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These chants are complex, often recitations of sacred texts or in celebration of various festivals. Yang chanting, performed without metrical timing, is accompanied by resonant drums and low, sustained syllables.

Other styles include those unique to the various schools of Tibetan Buddhism, such as the classical music of the popular Gelugpa school, and the romantic music of the Nyingmapa , Sakyapa and Kagyupa schools.

Nangma dance music is especially popular in the karaoke bars of the urban center of Tibet, Lhasa. Another form of popular music is the classical gar style, which is performed at rituals and ceremonies.

Lu are a type of songs that feature glottal vibrations and high pitches. There are also epic bards who sing of Gesar , who is a hero to ethnic Tibetans.

Tibet has various festivals, many for worshipping the Buddha, [] that take place throughout the year. Losar is the Tibetan New Year Festival.

Preparations for the festive event are manifested by special offerings to family shrine deities, painted doors with religious symbols, and other painstaking jobs done to prepare for the event.

Tibetans eat Guthuk barley noodle soup with filling on New Year's Eve with their families. The Monlam Prayer Festival follows it in the first month of the Tibetan calendar , falling between the fourth and the eleventh days of the first Tibetan month.

It involves dancing and participating in sports events, as well as sharing picnics. The most important crop in Tibet is barley , and dough made from barley flour—called tsampa —is the staple food of Tibet.

This is either rolled into noodles or made into steamed dumplings called momos. Meat dishes are likely to be yak , goat, or mutton , often dried, or cooked into a spicy stew with potatoes.

Mustard seed is cultivated in Tibet, and therefore features heavily in its cuisine. Yak yogurt , butter and cheese are frequently eaten, and well-prepared yogurt is considered something of a prestige item.

Butter tea is a very popular drink. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Plateau region in Asia. This article is about historical ethno-cultural concept of Tibet.

For the current administration, see Tibet Autonomous Region. For other uses, see Tibet disambiguation. Main article: Definitions of Tibet.

Main article: Standard Tibetan. Main article: History of Tibet. Main article: Tibetan Empire. Main articles: Mongol conquest of Tibet and Tibet under Yuan rule.

Main articles: Phagmodrupa Dynasty , Rinpungpa , and Tsangpa. Further information: Sino-Tibetan relations during the Ming dynasty.

The Khoshut Khanate , — Tibet in Tibet in during the Qing dynasty. Main article: Ganden Phodrang. Main articles: Chinese expedition to Tibet and Tibet under Qing rule.

Main article: Tibet — Main article: History of Tibet —present. Main article: Geography of Tibet. Further information: List of populated places in the Tibet Autonomous Region.

Main article: Economy of Tibet. Main article: Tibetan culture. Main article: Religion in Tibet. Main article: Tibetan Buddhism.

Main article: Islam in Tibet. Main article: Tibetan art. Main article: Music of Tibet. Main article: Tibetan festivals. Main article: Tibetan cuisine.

See also: List of Tibetan dishes. China portal Asia portal. February 24, Archived from the original on May 23, Retrieved March 29, The closest it has ever come to such recognition was the British formula of suzerainty , combined with autonomy and the right to enter into diplomatic relations.

BBC News. August 15, Archived from the original on July 16, Retrieved May 17, The Asia Times. Archived from the original on December 28, Retrieved May 10, Robin [alias of a young Tibetan in Qinghai] described the region as a cauldron of tension.

Tibetans still were infuriated by numerous arrests in the wake of the protests. But local Tibetans had not organized themselves. There is no leader.

When a leader appears and somebody helps out they will all join. In one village, Tibetans burned their Chinese flags and hoisted the banned Tibetan Snow Lion flag instead.

One nomad They will hate the government. December 11, Archived from the original on April 22, Retrieved April 22, The New York Times.

Archived from the original on June 16, Archived from the original on May 9, March 30, Archived from the original on April 11, Retrieved April 16, Elliot Sperling.

Tibetan Political Review. Archived from the original on March 28, Retrieved July 31, See Markham, Clements R. New Delhi: Manjushri Publishing House.

Beyer 'The Classical Tibetan Language' book review. Leiden: E. Archived from the original on October 16, Bibcode : PNAS..

Alex McKay, Vol. Chiang Mai: Cognoscenti Books. Winter , pp. Royal Asiatic Society , pp. Psychology Press. Moscow: Russian Acad. Archived from the original on April 7, Retrieved August 26, Retrieved on Archived September 9, , at the Wayback Machine Retrieved on Tibet , p.

Lonely Planet Publications. Hidden Tibet: History of Independence and Occupation. Dharamsala, LTWA, , p.

Mainstream Weekly. Archived from the original on January 19, Retrieved October 15, Marine Corps Command and Staff College. Archived from the original on November 11, The Search for the Panchen Lama.

Archived from the original on June 10, Retrieved June 28, Archived PDF from the original on January 23, Retrieved February 10, Governing China's Multiethnic Frontiers.

University of Washington Press. Minority Rights Group International. July Archived from the original on November 1, Retrieved April 23, Freedom of religion and belief: a world report.

Mother Jones. Archived from the original on April 1, Retrieved May 16, Hastings, D. Eakins, May 8, Archived from the original on July 2, Retrieved March 26, Archived from the original on April 25, August 16, Archived from the original on December 27, France: France Agence France-Presse.

January 15, Archived from the original on January 18, Retrieved July 29, Translated by Captain Henderson. Calcutta, , p. Tibet Justice Center.

Archived PDF from the original on March 20, Retrieved July 10, Archived from the original on June 8, Archived from the original on August 31, Retrieved March 7, NPR News.

August 26, Archived from the original on December 26, Retrieved February 24, The Diplomat. Archived from the original on January 11, Retrieved January 10, Economic Botany.

Australian Broadcasting Corporation. July 1, Archived from the original on July 6, Retrieved July 1, October 15, Archived from the original on August 23, Retrieved July 4, Deutsche Presse Agentur.

June 30, Archived from the original on May 22, New York Times. January 25, Archived from the original on July 24, Retrieved January 6, Archived from the original on October 14, Retrieved February 7, Retrieved December 31, Central Tibetan Administration.

Archived from the original on July 30, Xinhua News Agency. May 4, Archived from the original on May 13, Retrieved December 4, A Short History of Buddhism.

March 20, March 26, See Zaoqi Chuanjiaoshi jin Zang Huodongshi, esp. Clements R. Reprint Cosmo Publications, New Delhi.

Archived from the original on June 26, November 5, Archived from the original on March 11, Retrieved March 11, Antonio de Andrade.

Giovanni de Oliveira. Archived from the original on March 12, Retrieved February 15, The Guardian.

Archived from the original on August 26, Retrieved February 21, Journal of Tibet University Chinese version in Chinese 2 : 26— Beckwith, Christopher I.

Goldstein, Melvyn C. The Making of Modern Tibet. Hopkirk, Peter. The Tibetans Blackwell Publishing. Tibetan Civilization Stanford University Press.

Allen, Charles London: John Murray. Bell, Charles Oxford: Clarendon Press. Dowman, Keith Feigon, Lee. Demystifying Tibet: unlocking the secrets of the land of the snows.

Chicago: Ivan R. The Autobiography of a Tibetan Monk. Grove Press. NY, NY. Chichester: Summersdale. Oakland: RDR Books. London: Curzon.

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This is probably due to the long-standing influence of the Tibetan empire, whose rule embraced and extended at times far beyond the present Tibetan linguistic area, which runs from northern Pakistan in the west to Yunnan and Sichuan in the east, and from north of Qinghai Lake south as far as Bhutan.

Starting in , the local deaf sign languages of Tibet were standardized, and Tibetan Sign Language is now being promoted across the country.

Humans inhabited the Tibetan Plateau at least 21, years ago. The earliest Tibetan historical texts identify the Zhang Zhung culture as a people who migrated from the Amdo region into what is now the region of Guge in western Tibet.

Prior to Songtsen Gampo , the kings of Tibet were more mythological than factual, and there is insufficient evidence of their existence.

He also brought in many reforms, and Tibetan power spread rapidly, creating a large and powerful empire.

It is traditionally considered that his first wife was the Princess of Nepal, Bhrikuti , and that she played a great role in the establishment of Buddhism in Tibet.

Under the next few Tibetan kings, Buddhism became established as the state religion and Tibetan power increased even further over large areas of Central Asia , while major inroads were made into Chinese territory, even reaching the Tang 's capital Chang'an modern Xi'an in late The Kingdom of Nanzhao in Yunnan and neighbouring regions remained under Tibetan control from to , when they turned on their Tibetan overlords and helped the Chinese inflict a serious defeat on the Tibetans.

In , the hold of Tibet was loosened by the campaign of general Gao Xianzhi , who tried to re-open the direct communications between Central Asia and Kashmir.

By , the Tibetans had lost almost all of their central Asian possessions to the Chinese. However, after Gao Xianzhi's defeat by the Arabs and Qarluqs at the Battle of Talas and the subsequent civil war known as the An Lushan Rebellion , Chinese influence decreased rapidly and Tibetan influence resumed.

At its height in the 's to 's the Tibetan Empire reached its highest glory when it ruled and controlled a territory stretching from modern day Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, China, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan.

A bilingual account of this treaty, including details of the borders between the two countries, is inscribed on a stone pillar which stands outside the Jokhang temple in Lhasa.

The period that followed is known traditionally as the Era of Fragmentation , when political control over Tibet became divided between regional warlords and tribes with no dominant centralized authority.

An Islamic invasion from Bengal took place in One of the department's purposes was to select a dpon-chen 'great administrator' , usually appointed by the lama and confirmed by the Mongol emperor in Beijing.

Mongol rule of Tibet remained separate from the main provinces of China, but the region existed under the administration of the Yuan dynasty.

If the Sakya lama ever came into conflict with the dpon-chen , the dpon-chen had the authority to send Chinese troops into the region.

Tibet retained nominal power over religious and regional political affairs, while the Mongols managed a structural and administrative [29] rule over the region, reinforced by the rare military intervention.

This existed as a " diarchic structure" under the Yuan emperor, with power primarily in favor of the Mongols.

The following 80 years saw the founding of the Gelug school also known as Yellow Hats by the disciples of Je Tsongkhapa , and the founding of the important Ganden , Drepung and Sera monasteries near Lhasa.

However, internal strife within the dynasty and the strong localism of the various fiefs and political-religious factions led to a long series of internal conflicts.

In they were overthrown by the Tsangpa Dynasty of Shigatse which expanded its power in different directions of Tibet in the following decades and favoured the Karma Kagyu sect.

The 5th Dalai Lama is known for unifying the Tibetan heartland under the control of the Gelug school of Tibetan Buddhism , after defeating the rival Kagyu and Jonang sects and the secular ruler, the Tsangpa prince, in a prolonged civil war.

His efforts were successful in part because of aid from Güshi Khan , the Oirat leader of the Khoshut Khanate. With Güshi Khan as a largely uninvolved overlord, the 5th Dalai Lama and his intimates established a civil administration which is referred to by historians as the Lhasa state.

This Tibetan regime or government is also referred to as the Ganden Phodrang. The Portuguese missionary spoke Persian, the literary and commercial language of the region.

The missionary also noted that "the majority of the population was very welcoming". Even so, there were "numerous flocks of sheep, goats and horses" and "there was no lack of meat or butter".

Qing dynasty rule in Tibet began with their expedition to the country when they expelled the invading Dzungars. Amdo came under Qing control in , and eastern Kham was incorporated into neighbouring Chinese provinces in In the Ambans and the majority of the Han Chinese and Manchus living in Lhasa were killed in a riot , and Qing troops arrived quickly and suppressed the rebels in the next year.

Like the preceding Yuan dynasty, the Manchus of the Qing dynasty exerted military and administrative control of the region, while granting it a degree of political autonomy.

The Qing commander publicly executed a number of supporters of the rebels and, as in and , made changes in the political structure and drew up a formal organization plan.

The Qing now restored the Dalai Lama as ruler, leading the governing council called Kashag , [34] but elevated the role of Ambans to include more direct involvement in Tibetan internal affairs.

At the same time the Qing took steps to counterbalance the power of the aristocracy by adding officials recruited from the clergy to key posts.

For several decades, peace reigned in Tibet, but in the Qing Qianlong Emperor sent a large Chinese army into Tibet to push the invading Nepalese out.

This prompted yet another Qing reorganization of the Tibetan government, this time through a written plan called the "Twenty-Nine Regulations for Better Government in Tibet".

Qing military garrisons staffed with Qing troops were now also established near the Nepalese border. In the Sikh Empire invaded and annexed Ladakh , a culturally Tibetan region that was an independent kingdom at the time.

A Qing-Tibetan army repelled the invaders but was in turn defeated when it chased the Sikhs into Ladakh. The war ended with the signing of the Treaty of Chushul between the Chinese and Sikh empires.

As the Qing dynasty weakened, its authority over Tibet also gradually declined, and by the midth century its influence was minuscule. Qing authority over Tibet had become more symbolic than real by the late 19th century, [39] [40] [41] [42] although in the s the Tibetans still chose for reasons of their own to emphasize the empire's symbolic authority and make it seem substantial.

The British Empire was encroaching from northern India into the Himalayas , the Emirate of Afghanistan and the Russian Empire were expanding into Central Asia and each power became suspicious of the others' intentions in Tibet.

In , a British expedition to Tibet , spurred in part by a fear that Russia was extending its power into Tibet as part of The Great Game , invaded the country, hoping that negotiations with the 13th Dalai Lama would be more effective than with Chinese representatives.

In , the Qing government sent a military expedition of its own under Zhao Erfeng to establish direct Manchu-Chinese rule and, in an imperial edict, deposed the Dalai Lama, who fled to British India.

Zhao Erfeng defeated the Tibetan military conclusively and expelled the Dalai Lama's forces from the province. His actions were unpopular, and there was much animosity against him for his mistreatment of civilians and disregard for local culture.

After the Xinhai Revolution —12 toppled the Qing dynasty and the last Qing troops were escorted out of Tibet, the new Republic of China apologized for the actions of the Qing and offered to restore the Dalai Lama's title.

During this time, Tibet fought Chinese warlords for control of the ethnically Tibetan areas in Xikang and Qinghai parts of Kham and Amdo along the upper reaches of the Yangtze River.

The Chinese government denounced the agreement as illegal. When in the s and s the regents displayed negligence in affairs, the Kuomintang Government of the Republic of China took advantage of this to expand its reach into the territory.

Emerging with control over most of mainland China after the Chinese Civil War , the People's Republic of China incorporated Tibet in and negotiated the Seventeen Point Agreement with the newly enthroned 14th Dalai Lama 's government, affirming the People's Republic of China's sovereignty but granting the area autonomy.

Subsequently, on his journey into exile, the 14th Dalai Lama completely repudiated the agreement, which he has repeated on many occasions.

The Dalai Lama had a strong following as many people from Tibet looked at him as their leader from not just a political point of view but, also from a spiritual perspective.

Afterwards, the Central People's Government in Beijing renounced the agreement and began implementation of the halted social and political reforms.

In , General Secretary and reformist Hu Yaobang visited Tibet and ushered in a period of social, political, and economic liberalization.

The government halted reforms and started an anti- separatist campaign. All of modern China, including Tibet, is considered a part of East Asia.

Tibet has some of the world's tallest mountains, with several of them making the top ten list. Several major rivers have their source in the Tibetan Plateau mostly in present-day Qinghai Province.

Tibet has been called the "Water Tower" of Asia, and China is investing heavily in water projects in Tibet. The mountain is a holy pilgrimage site for both Hindus and Tibetans.

The Hindus consider the mountain to be the abode of Lord Shiva. The Tibetan name for Mt. Kailash is Khang Rinpoche.

Tibet has numerous high-altitude lakes referred to in Tibetan as tso or co. Western passes receive small amounts of fresh snow each year but remain traversible all year round.

Low temperatures are prevalent throughout these western regions, where bleak desolation is unrelieved by any vegetation bigger than a low bush, and where wind sweeps unchecked across vast expanses of arid plain.

The Indian monsoon exerts some influence on eastern Tibet. Northern Tibet is subject to high temperatures in the summer and intense cold in the winter.

Cultural Tibet consists of several regions. These include Amdo A mdo in the northeast, which is administratively part of the provinces of Qinghai, Gansu and Sichuan.

Kham Khams in the southeast encompasses parts of western Sichuan, northern Yunnan , southern Qinghai and the eastern part of the Tibet Autonomous Region.

Tibetan cultural influences extend to the neighboring states of Bhutan , Nepal, regions of India such as Sikkim , Ladakh , Lahaul , and Spiti , Northern Pakistan Baltistan or Balti-yul in addition to designated Tibetan autonomous areas in adjacent Chinese provinces.

There are over settlements in Tibet. Lhasa is Tibet's traditional capital and the capital of Tibet Autonomous Region. Lhasa contains a number of significant temples and monasteries, including Jokhang and Ramoche Temple.

Shigatse is the second largest city in the Tibet AR, west of Lhasa. Gyantse and Qamdo are also amongst the largest. It is governed by a People's Government, led by a Chairman.

In practice, however, the Chairman is subordinate to the branch secretary of the Communist Party of China. As a matter of convention, the Chairman has almost always been an ethnic Tibetan, while the party secretary has always been ethnically non-Tibetan.

The Tibetan economy is dominated by subsistence agriculture. Due to limited arable land, the primary occupation of the Tibetan Plateau is raising livestock, such as sheep , cattle, goats , camels , yaks , dzo , and horses.

The dogs of Tibet are twice the size of those seen in India, with large heads and hairy bodies. They are powerful animals, and are said to be able to kill a tiger.

During the day they are kept chained up, and are let loose at night to guard their masters' house.

The main crops grown are barley , wheat, buckwheat , rye , potatoes, and assorted fruits and vegetables.

These include Tibetan hats, jewelry silver and gold , wooden items, clothing, quilts, fabrics, Tibetan rugs and carpets.

Forty percent of the rural cash income in the Tibet Autonomous Region is derived from the harvesting of the fungus Ophiocordyceps sinensis formerly Cordyceps sinensis ; contributing at least 1.

The Qingzang railway linking the Tibet Autonomous Region to Qinghai Province was opened in , but it was controversial.

In January , the Chinese government issued a report outlining the discovery of a large mineral deposit under the Tibetan Plateau.

The Chinese government sees this as a way to alleviate the nation's dependence on foreign mineral imports for its growing economy.

However, critics worry that mining these vast resources will harm Tibet's fragile ecosystem and undermine Tibetan culture. On January 15, , China announced the construction of Tibet's first expressway, a The project will cost 1.

From January 18—20, , a national conference on Tibet and areas inhabited by Tibetans in Sichuan, Yunnan, Gansu and Qinghai was held in China and a substantial plan to improve development of the areas was announced.

The plan calls for improvement of rural Tibetan income to national standards by and free education for all rural Tibetan children. It is located in the western suburbs of Lhasa, the capital of the Tibet Autonomous Region.

The zone has a planned area of 5. Zone A developed a land area of 2. It is a flat zone, and has the natural conditions for good drainage.

Historically, the population of Tibet consisted of primarily ethnic Tibetans and some other ethnic groups. According to tradition the original ancestors of the Tibetan people, as represented by the six red bands in the Tibetan flag , are: the Se, Mu, Dong, Tong, Dru and Ra.

The proportion of the non-Tibetan population in Tibet is disputed. On the one hand, the Central Tibetan Administration of the Dalai Lama accuses China of actively swamping Tibet with migrants in order to alter Tibet's demographic makeup.

Religion is extremely important to the Tibetans and has a strong influence over all aspects of their lives. Bön is the indigenous religion of Tibet, but has been almost eclipsed by Tibetan Buddhism, a distinctive form of Mahayana and Vajrayana , which was introduced into Tibet from the Sanskrit Buddhist tradition of northern India.

Monks returned to monasteries across Tibet and monastic education resumed even though the number of monks imposed is strictly limited. Tibetan Buddhism has five main traditions the suffix pa is comparable to "er" in English :.

The Chinese government continued to pursue a strategy of forced assimilation and suppression of Tibetan Buddhism, as demonstrated by the laws designed to control the next reincarnation of His Holiness the Dalai Lama and those of other Tibetan eminent lamas.

Monks and nuns who refused to denounce the Dalai Lama have been expelled from their monasteries, imprisoned, and tortured.

The first Christians documented to have reached Tibet were the Nestorians , of whom various remains and inscriptions have been found in Tibet.

Roman Catholic Jesuits and Capuchins arrived from Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries. These included the Jesuit Father Ippolito Desideri , —, who gained a deep knowledge of Tibetan culture, language and Buddhism, and various Capuchins in —, — and —, [] Christianity was used by some Tibetan monarchs and their courts and the Karmapa sect lamas to counterbalance the influence of the Gelugpa sect in the 17th century until in when all the missionaries were expelled at the lama's insistence.

Famous earlier missionaries include James O. Proselytising has been illegal in China since But as of [update] , many Christian missionaries were reported to be active in Tibet with the tacit approval of Chinese authorities, who view the missionaries as a counterforce to Tibetan Buddhism or as a boon to the local economy.

Muslims have been living in Tibet since as early as the 8th or 9th century. In Tibetan cities, there are small communities of Muslims , known as Kachee Kache , who trace their origin to immigrants from three main regions: Kashmir Kachee Yul in ancient Tibetan , Ladakh and the Central Asian Turkic countries.

Islamic influence in Tibet also came from Persia. Which became main cause of the cultural separation of the people of Baltistan from the mainstream Tibet.

After a group of Tibetan Muslims made a case for Indian nationality based on their historic roots to Kashmir and the Indian government declared all Tibetan Muslims Indian citizens later on that year.

There is also a well established Chinese Muslim community gya kachee , which traces its ancestry back to the Hui ethnic group of China. Tibetan representations of art are intrinsically bound with Tibetan Buddhism and commonly depict deities or variations of Buddha in various forms from bronze Buddhist statues and shrines, to highly colorful thangka paintings and mandalas.

Tibetan architecture contains Chinese and Indian influences, and reflects a deeply Buddhist approach. The Buddhist wheel , along with two dragons, can be seen on nearly every Gompa in Tibet.

The design of the Tibetan Chörtens can vary, from roundish walls in Kham to squarish, four-sided walls in Ladakh.

The most distinctive feature of Tibetan architecture is that many of the houses and monasteries are built on elevated, sunny sites facing the south, and are often made out of a mixture of rocks, wood, cement and earth.

Little fuel is available for heat or lighting, so flat roofs are built to conserve heat, and multiple windows are constructed to let in sunlight.

Walls are usually sloped inwards at 10 degrees as a precaution against the frequent earthquakes in this mountainous area.

Standing at metres feet in height and metres 1, feet in width, the Potala Palace is the most important example of Tibetan architecture.

Formerly the residence of the Dalai Lama , it contains over one thousand rooms within thirteen stories, and houses portraits of the past Dalai Lamas and statues of the Buddha.

It is divided between the outer White Palace, which serves as the administrative quarters, and the inner Red Quarters, which houses the assembly hall of the Lamas, chapels, 10, shrines, and a vast library of Buddhist scriptures.

The music of Tibet reflects the cultural heritage of the trans-Himalayan region, centered in Tibet but also known wherever ethnic Tibetan groups are found in India, Bhutan , Nepal and further abroad.

First and foremost Tibetan music is religious music , reflecting the profound influence of Tibetan Buddhism on the culture. Tibetan music often involves chanting in Tibetan or Sanskrit , as an integral part of the religion.

These chants are complex, often recitations of sacred texts or in celebration of various festivals. Yang chanting, performed without metrical timing, is accompanied by resonant drums and low, sustained syllables.

Other styles include those unique to the various schools of Tibetan Buddhism, such as the classical music of the popular Gelugpa school, and the romantic music of the Nyingmapa , Sakyapa and Kagyupa schools.

Nangma dance music is especially popular in the karaoke bars of the urban center of Tibet, Lhasa.

Another form of popular music is the classical gar style, which is performed at rituals and ceremonies. Lu are a type of songs that feature glottal vibrations and high pitches.

There are also epic bards who sing of Gesar , who is a hero to ethnic Tibetans. Tibet has various festivals, many for worshipping the Buddha, [] that take place throughout the year.

Losar is the Tibetan New Year Festival. Preparations for the festive event are manifested by special offerings to family shrine deities, painted doors with religious symbols, and other painstaking jobs done to prepare for the event.

Tibetans eat Guthuk barley noodle soup with filling on New Year's Eve with their families. The Monlam Prayer Festival follows it in the first month of the Tibetan calendar , falling between the fourth and the eleventh days of the first Tibetan month.

It involves dancing and participating in sports events, as well as sharing picnics. The most important crop in Tibet is barley , and dough made from barley flour—called tsampa —is the staple food of Tibet.

This is either rolled into noodles or made into steamed dumplings called momos. Meat dishes are likely to be yak , goat, or mutton , often dried, or cooked into a spicy stew with potatoes.

Mustard seed is cultivated in Tibet, and therefore features heavily in its cuisine. Yak yogurt , butter and cheese are frequently eaten, and well-prepared yogurt is considered something of a prestige item.

Butter tea is a very popular drink. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Plateau region in Asia. This article is about historical ethno-cultural concept of Tibet.

For the current administration, see Tibet Autonomous Region. For other uses, see Tibet disambiguation. Main article: Definitions of Tibet. Main article: Standard Tibetan.

Main article: History of Tibet. Main article: Tibetan Empire. Main articles: Mongol conquest of Tibet and Tibet under Yuan rule.

Main articles: Phagmodrupa Dynasty , Rinpungpa , and Tsangpa. Further information: Sino-Tibetan relations during the Ming dynasty. The Khoshut Khanate , — Tibet in Tibet in during the Qing dynasty.

Main article: Ganden Phodrang. Main articles: Chinese expedition to Tibet and Tibet under Qing rule. Main article: Tibet — Main article: History of Tibet —present.

Main article: Geography of Tibet. Further information: List of populated places in the Tibet Autonomous Region. Main article: Economy of Tibet.

Main article: Tibetan culture. Main article: Religion in Tibet. Main article: Tibetan Buddhism. Main article: Islam in Tibet.

Main article: Tibetan art. Main article: Music of Tibet. Main article: Tibetan festivals. Main article: Tibetan cuisine.

See also: List of Tibetan dishes. China portal Asia portal. February 24, Archived from the original on May 23, Retrieved March 29, The closest it has ever come to such recognition was the British formula of suzerainty , combined with autonomy and the right to enter into diplomatic relations.

BBC News. August 15, Archived from the original on July 16, Retrieved May 17, The Asia Times. Archived from the original on December 28, Retrieved May 10, Robin [alias of a young Tibetan in Qinghai] described the region as a cauldron of tension.

Tibetans still were infuriated by numerous arrests in the wake of the protests. But local Tibetans had not organized themselves. There is no leader.

When a leader appears and somebody helps out they will all join. In one village, Tibetans burned their Chinese flags and hoisted the banned Tibetan Snow Lion flag instead.

One nomad They will hate the government. December 11, Archived from the original on April 22, Retrieved April 22,

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